Speaker – Mr Ko Weng Wah
Recorded and written by Judy Braganza


Lk.22:18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
Lk.22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
Lk.22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

This is the painting of the Last Supper? by Leonardo da Vinci

Does this painting of the 12 disciples present the right Scriptural content as recorded in the 4 Gospels for our learning?

Was Judas present during Luke 22:18-19 when our Lord broke bread and gave His disciples saying this is my body which is given for you, and this is the cup of the New Testament which is my blood shed for his disciples?

The Gospels record that Judas was hand in glove conspiring with the chief priests to kill our Lord.
Our Lord Jesus came to our earth to lay down His life voluntarily – to pay the death penalty for our sins.
His death was not going to be credited to a well executed plot by Judas and the chief priests who were threatened by His doctrines and claims to be the Son of God.

This final Passover was unlike any other Passover which was always observed in every Jewish home on the 14 night of the first month of Nisan.
This final Passover meal that our Lord shared with ONLY His 12 disciples was a well kept secret.
Until Our Lord Himself brought His disciples to the home of an unnamed man and to an unknown location no one knew where this final Passover was to be held.

The need for this secrecy being:
• The presenting of new symbols – instead of the lamb – the Bread and the Cup for His disciples to ‘Remember Him’ by till He comes again’. They would be commissioned later to teach the nations to observe all that He had personally taught them.
• Our Lord’s private ministry to His disciples beginning in John 13 to 17 – the teachings for His Church to live by ‘Till He comes Again’.
• This private teaching occurred during the institution of the Lord’s Supper in the Upper Room before the Lord and the other disciples went on their way to the Garden of Gethsemane on the SAME night when the Passover had ended.
• The Lord’s Supper (or Breaking of Bread) is only for true believers in the Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, there were TWO meals eaten on that final Thursday evening before the Lord went to the Garden of Gethsemane – the last Passover meal proper and the first Lord’s Supper. (The Last Supper is NOT the Lord’s Supper. It is the Passover meal.)

To better understand our study it is important to note by analogy what occurred this morning:
• This morning during Breaking of Bread to Remember the Lord – there were about 3 or 4 brothers who stood up to give a hymn for us to sing to ‘remember the Lord’.
• Then there were another 3 or 4 brothers who stood up to read different portions of Scripture and give beautiful and meaningful insights to those Scriptures that ‘remembered our Lord’s last night here on this earth.

In writing the above analogy, no chronological order is presented to the reader – only a statement of fact of what, occurred this morning. The reader is unaware of which brother stood first or second or which came first – the prayer or the hymn.

And so it is with the account in the Gospel of Luke.
The events recorded in Luke 22:14-30 are NOT in chronological order. It is only in studying the other three gospel accounts in Matthew, Mark, and John that we can put order to the events recorded for us to ‘Remember our Lord’ each first day of the week in reverence and awe of what He accomplished at Calvary. Note that in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, the announcement of Judas as the betrayer (Mt.26:20-25; Mk.14:17-21) comes before the institution of the Lord’s Supper (Mt.26:26-29; Mk.14:22-25).

Examining the 4 Gospels

In Exodus 12 is the record of the first Passover – BC 1491

Presently – AD 33, our Lord Jesus was keeping this feast as commanded in the Old Testament with His disciples.

On the 14th day of the first month – Nisan, the lamb was killed. This was followed by the feast of unleavened bread for the next 7 days. This period was called ‘The Holy Week’ by the Jews. Both the Passover and the Days of Unleavened Bread are closely connected and hence Luke 22:1-2 begins with:
Lk.22:1 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
Lk.22:2 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

There is a conspiracy in the air:
There is a plan being hatched by both Judas and the chief priests (Mark 14:10) to kill our Lord Jesus just before or during the Thursday evening Passover meal of the slaughtered lambs.

First Plot: As our Lord had many followers from Galilee, the conspirers reasoned that His followers would riot and cause a lot of trouble if they were aware that our Lord was going to be killed.
So they concluded that the best time to do the killing would be when everybody would be in their own homes partaking of the Passover lamb.

Second Plot: Arrest and kill our Lord Jesus before the Holy Week and before the Passover as this particular week required the cleaning out of all leavened stuff – leaven representing sin being put away (1 Cor.5:7-8).
Somehow the chief priests came to the conclusion to justify themselves that they would be cleaner if the murder they planned could be executed before the Passover and the Holy Week.

Understanding the sequence of the Passover meal:
1 A prayer of thanksgiving is said by the head of the house followed by the drinking of the first cup of diluted wine.
2 Bitter herbs are next eaten in remembrance of their slavery in Egypt.
3 This is followed by the eldest son in the family posing the question to his father as to why this particular night is so important? In answer to his question, the father would then begin to read Exodus chapter 11 to 15 that describes God delivering the children of Israel out of Egyptian slavery.
4 This is followed by the whole family singing Psalms 113 and 114 – the Psalms of Hallelujah praise to God for their Exodus out of Egypt, and the washing of hands. The second cup of diluted wine is drunk
5 Then the lamb is carved in remembrance of Exodus 12 – the First Passover before coming out of Egypt. Exodus 13 is remembered next by the eating of unleavened bread – leaving Egypt in haste.

6 After this meal the family rests, and at leisure, continue to eat the Passover lamb and the third cup of diluted wine is drunk.
7 Lastly Psalms 115-118 is sung which is followed by the drinking of the fourth cup of diluted wine.

In AD 33 while our Lord Jesus and His disciples were at this meal, it was immediately after sequence 5 the carving of the lamb and eating it with unleavened bread and BEFORE SEQUENCE 6 that Judas left them.

Jn.13:2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him; (Sequence 5)
Jn.13:4-16 Our Lord washes the feet of His disciples
Jn.13:21 When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
Jn.13:25 He then lying on Jesus’ breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
Jn.13:26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
Jn.13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
Jn.13:30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.

John 13 records this event of Judas leaving them and going out into the night to meet up with the chief priests – having failed in their initial plot to murder of our Lord at this time – but to continue to discuss their plan to kill Him anyway.

Events before the Passover

It is a well documented fact that each household celebrated the Passover meal as a ‘family celebration’ in their own homes.
However on this final Passover night the disciples were unaware of where they were going to keep the Passover meal and hence they ask this question to their Lord –

Mt.26:17 … Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the Passover?
Mt.26:18 And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.
Mt.26:19 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the Passover.

Mark 14:13 reveals that it was 2 disciples that went to the city …
Luke 22:8 further reveals that it was Peter and John who were the two disciples sent to the city …

So the preparation in one sense was definite – easy to find the place by following a man carrying a water jar (pitcher) who would lead Peter and John to a unmarked house (Lk.22:10). It was customary in ancient times that only women performed the menial job of carrying water into the house. So it was strange and unacceptable for a man bearing a water jar.
Yet on the other hand it was indefinite – not easy to find the specific place by the two disciples by themselves as the name of the owner of the household as well as the location of his house was concealed to them.

No one knew the place of this final Passover until our Lord Himself brought His disciples to the home where the Passover lamb was to be eaten. By that evening, it was too late for Judas to inform the chief priests where to find our Lord eating the Passover meal.

Then followed sequence 6 – after Judas left.

During this time when they were at rest – our Lord Jesus presented the bread and the cup to His disciples
Luke 22:18-19 records the event

Lk.22:18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
Lk.22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
Lk.22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

Our Lord was in complete control of all the events that night. Nothing was to take Him by surprise.
It was in the Will of God that the Lord’s Supper be instituted at the right time to only His 11 disciples.
It was in the Will of God that our Lord’s Private Upper Room Ministry to His 11 disciples be recorded in John 13-17 before they went on their way to Gethsemane during that night just before He would be arrested to be crucified.

John 17 is our Lord’s High Priestly pray to His Father for His Church who would be faithful through the centuries to believe in the teachings that our Lord brought from His Father to give to His Church.

If our Lord was arrested on the Passover as planned by Judas and the chief priests there would be no Lord’s Supper nor would John 13-17 be written.

With the events of the Passover, Crucifixion and Resurrection firmly impacted in the minds of the 11 disciples, in Acts 2 are recorded the events that occurred on the Day of Pentecost just 50 days later with a total of 120 who has gathered with them at the Upper Room.

On the day of Pentecost 3000 were baptized.

Acts 2:41 These 3000 gladly received his word were baptized …
Acts 2:42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

Expounding on:
• Christian fellowship
• Receiving the Word
• Baptism
• Continuing steadfast in the apostles doctrine
• Breaking of bread and prayers

‘Fellowship’ is not the same as ‘Membership’ as:
By membership is implied the payment of an entrance fee or fees on a regular basis.
So in other words if fellowship is the same as membership then with the payment of fees comes the admittance to the Lord’s table.

This was not the case in Acts 2:41-42

So Ask:
What is Christian Fellowship?
The original Greek word for ‘fellowship’ is: G2842 κοινωνία koinōnia.
This means social intercourse, to communicate/ fellowship.
It describes a state of goodwill and harmony, justice with oneness in society – a state NOT possible in any human organization.
It is only possible in a ‘church community’ based on the common interest in the WORK OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST.

Christian fellowship is established by God. It is God’s revelation to Christians in rules and conduct.
It is active and not passive in serving the Lord Jesus and His people.

Points concerning fellowship and the word ‘Church’:
Each local assembly where believers gather in fellowship and in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ is a miniature of the Universal Church –THE BODY OF CHRIST.

Paul expounds:
1Cor.1:10 Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.
1Cor.1:11 For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions among you.
1Cor.1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
1Cor.1:13 Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?

(1) Fellowship necessitates a conversion in the Lord Jesus Christ :

It is a conversion from unbelief (John 5:39-40) to belief in our Lord Jesus as the Scriptures have said – John 7:38.

When an applicant shows interest in joining fellowship in a local assembly, it is the responsibility of the elders in the assembly to ask the applicant the importance of their understanding of their need to be saved, converted and baptized in regard to their NEW .BIRTH.

A mere profession of being already a ‘Christian’ or producing an infant/adult baptism certificate is no assurance of the NEW BIRTH as taught by our Lord Jesus to Nicodemus.
Such a person cannot be accepted into assembly fellowship.
The New Birth is the preaching of the Gospel by the power of the Holy Spirit

What was our Lord Jesus’ teaching on the NEW BIRTH?.

This is important as apart from this New Birth no one can enter into the Kingdom of God.

Jn.3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:
Jn.3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.
Jn.3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
Jn.3:4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?
Jn.3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
Jn.3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
Jn.3:7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.
Jn.3:8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit. There is no outward evidence of being born again … no one can tell that moment of birth.

However once born again the following is evident in the life of the person – A deep love and reverence for:
(1) Word of God as the Authority for doctrine, correction, reproof and instruction in righteousness
(2) Christ crucified
(3) Spirit of God – being taught by the Spirit out of the Word of God
(4) Faith of the person in all 3 of the above as taught by our Lord Jesus Himself.

Word of God: – Recognizing through the Word of God our lost and ruined state.
God is a Holy God and does not tolerate sin.
In God’s Justice sin has to be dealt with and punished.

Christ Crucified: Our Lord Jesus was punished for our sins.
Salvation is only through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Holy Spirit: The Spirit of God convicts us of our helpless and hopeless state, leading us to entirely trust in Our Lord Jesus – the Author and Finisher of our faith.

Our Faith: Trusting in the Word of God, Our Lord bearing our sins and the Holy Spirit guiding us into all truth.

Evidence of New Birth:
(1) A hatred of sin and all that is false
(2) A love for the Righteousness of God and His Holiness
(3) A love and reverence for the Word of God
(4) A love prayer and the people of God

(2) Fellowship requires a commitment to the Word of God as the Lord Jesus Christ:

Today many in the local assembly are doubtful in doctrine. The Doctrine on:
• The Deity and Humanity of the Lord Jesus
• Atonement and eternal punishment
• Interpret Scriptures contrary to the Commands of our Lord Jesus
Care must be exercised that when accepted into fellowship that there must be a commitment to the Word of God. The Word of God is our Authority.

(3) Fellowship implies a condition of godly life as displayed by our Lord Jesus Christ:

There is much need for the revival of Biblical spirituality.
None of us are perfect and none of us has achieved the high standard of Galatians 5:22-23.
Gal.5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
Gal.5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Gal.5:24 And they that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
Gal.5:25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

It is only when we hold fast to the Word of God that Christian character consistent to the Word of God can be worked into our lives.
The Word of God is alive – Hebrews 3:12

(4)Fellowship involves a communion with God in remembering the death of our Lord Jesus Christ:

After the Holy Spirit came as promised by our Lord to His disciples, the new converts (3000 of them), gladly received the Word of God, and continued in the apostles’ doctrine, the breaking of bread and in prayers.
When a person comes into assembly fellowship, he is brought into all the privileges associated with assembly fellowship – the most important one being the breaking of bread to show forth till He comes.
It is a privilege indeed to be in the Presence of God at the Lord’s Table each Lord’s Day.

Church discipline applies only to those who are in fellowship in a particular local assembly – same as each parent being responsible for the discipline and well-being of their own children in their own household.
In the Corinthian Church such discipline was exercised on an immoral brother – 1 Corinthians 5:4-5.

1Pet.1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
1Pet.1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:

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